Biofuel facilities can be broadly divided into two categories based on the feedstock, and thus technology, that they use to produce biofuels. Facilities that use the edible parts of food plants as a feedstock are termed first generation facilities and were the original biofuel producers.
For the most part, first generation fuel production has given way to second generation feedstock that don't threaten the food supply to quite the extent that first generation feedstock do. As a result of this shift, only a few first generation facilities remain.
ADM Hamburg AG, Germany
This company is a subsidiary of Archer Daniels Midland, which is based out of the United States. ADM is a food processing corporation with over 270 plants across the world. ADM Hamburg AG was originally called Oelmuhle Rothensee. The company produces ethanol and biodiesel for transportation uses.
Diester Industrie, France
This company is a part of Sofiproteol and includes a subdivision known as Diester Industrie International. Both sections focus on the development of biodiesel and glycerol from oilseed crops. Production capacity is on the order of 3 million metric tons.
Jilin Fuel Ethanol, China
Jilin is part of the Chinese National Petroleum Corporation. In 2003, Jilin oped the Tianhe Ethanol Distillery, which became the world's largest fuel ethanol plant with a capacity of 800,000 tonnes of ethanol per year.
LS9, Inc., United States
This company focuses on the production of biofuels through synthetic biology. The company produces what they call "Renewable Petroleum," which can be used to produce fuels that are "indistinguishable from gasoline, diesel fuel, and jet fuel." Initially the plant will use sugar cane syrup as a feedstock, but plants to convert to wood chips, agricultural residue, and sorghum.
Henan Tianguan Alcohol Chemical Group Co., LTD., China
TICG is a food processing and chemical company with the capacity to produce around 500,000 tonnes of fuel ethanol per year. The plant is based in Nanyang, Henan province.
National Fuel Alcohol Program (Proalcool), Brazil
Launched in the 1970's, Proalcool was a national effort by the Brazilian government to support the production of ethanol to increase the share of domestically produced fuels in the country. By 1980, the success of the venture lead to ethanol having a larger share of transportation fuel than gasoline in the Brazil. The savings from using ethanol as compared to gasoline between 1975 and 2002 amounted to roughly U.S. $52 billion.
Ultra Green Energy Services, United States
Ultra green is a biodiesel and green home heating oil supplier. It was founded in the 1970's as a grain trader and then entered ethanol development in the 1980's, which was quickly followed by biodiesel production. Than company does not directly produce biofuel products, but rather funds the development of such products by other companies, acting as a risk management group in the sector.