Jilin Fuel Ethanol is plant located in Jilin China that focuses on the production of Ethanol. It is also the site of a 2005 explosion that caused five deaths and a massive oil spill on the Songhua River. It is also the site of a 2009 explosion that killed 2 and injured 4. Jilin is fully owned by the Chinese National Petroleum Corporation.
Chinese National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC)
CNPC is a state-owned oil and gas company and the largest integrated energy company in China. It is the parent company of PetroChina, the second largest company in the world by market capitalization. CNPC has proven reserves of 3.7 billion barrels of oil and operations in Iraq, Iran, Syria, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and China. Despite global influence and large oil reserves, the energy needs of the growing Chinese economy have convinced the government that it must invest in alternative energy sources, one of which is biofuel. The government has set a goal of five million annual tons of ethanol production by 2015.
Jilin Fuel Ethanol Co., Ltd.
The Jilin Fuel Ethanol Co., Ltd. Is a subsidiary of CNPC. It opened in 2003 and has a capacity of 600,000 tones of ethanol per year or the equivalent of 2.3 million liters per day. Until the development of the Henan Tianguan Alcohol Chemical Group Co, Jilian Fuel Ethanol was the largest bioethanol production facility in the world.
Jilin produces ethanol from corn, making it a first-generation biofuel facility. The plant uses simple fermentation and distillation technology to produce ethanol. It reduces carbon dioxide emissions through standard CO2 scrubbing technology.
Jilin Fuel Ethanol and Jilin Petrochemical are not the same facility, but both are owned by the CNPC. The Jilin Petrochemical facility was the site of an explosion in 2005 that killed five workers, injured 70, and spilled benzene into the Songhua River.The explosion at the Petrochemical facility was followed in 2009 by an explosion that the Fuel Ethanol Company that killed two and injured four. This and the preceding accident have led to criticism of Jilin specifically and ethanol production in general.